# Find method

### From ftm

This is a method of the fmat class.

Syntax: `find <expr: expression> <any: arguments to expression...> `

- leave indices where expression is true (use $x, $i and $self)

The find method of fmat replaces an fmat with the (unwrapped) indices of the elements for which the given expression returned non-zero. The expression can use the arguments to the find method following the expression as $1, $2, etc., and the predefined super-local variables $x (the value of the element being tested), $i (its index), and $self (the reference to the fmat itself). Otherwise, only global definitions are visible within the expression. (The latter holds for any expression evaluation.)

Example:

($myfmat find $myexpr 1 20)

with myexpr = '(($x >= $1) && ($i < $2))'

finds values greater or equal 1 in the first 20 indices and replaces $myfmat with their indices.

### More Explanations

*find* takes an expr and returns the **indices** of values in the fmat for which the expr is true.

Trivial example: Given

[expr '($x > 0.5)' | myexpr]

You could do on fmat $foo

(($foo rows 20) ramp 0 1); ($foo find $myexpr)

Which would return all those indices where x > 0.5, i.e. the second half of the fmat in this case.

It's a bit like the matlab / octave find function, except that:

- It is destructive on the input fmat (so copy first if you want to preserve data)
- Whereas in matlab / octave there is a simple construct for directly sifting values based on the results of find, newvals = oldvals(find(<expr>)), this is a bit more involved in ftm (because we can't construct arbitrary fvecs based on non-contiguous portions of an fmat, AFAIK.)
- For 2d fmats, find seems to return 'unwrapped' indices rather than coordinates, e.g. for a 20x2 fmat, find will return indices in the range 0<=i<40.

*Owen Green*